and for the love we bear to our subjects, we cannot permit the Jewish nation, whose innocence for the crime alleged against them is evident, to be worried and tormented as a consequence of accusations which have not the least foundation in truth...".
century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864.
In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire.
In March of 1556, Sultan Suleyman "the Magnificent" wrote a letter to Pope Paul IV asking for the immediate release of the Ancona Marranos, which he declared to be Ottoman citizens.
In the free air of the Ottoman Empire, Jewish literature flourished. Shlomo ha Levi Alkabes composed the a hymn which welcomes the Sabbath according to both Sephardic and Ashkenazi ritual. Rabbi Abraham ben Isaac Assa became known as the father of Judeo-Spanish literature.
On October 27, 1840 Sultan Abdulmecid issued his famous ferman concerning the "...
In reaction to Zvi, Izmir's Jews withdrew from any secular pursuits.
Four Turkish cities: Istanbul, Izmir, Safed and Salonica became the centers of Sephardic Jewry.
The Tu B’Shevat seder was developed in Izmir in the seventeenth century.
Most of the court physicians were Jews: Hakim Yakoub, Joseph and Moshe Hamon, Daniel Fonseca, Gabriel Buenauentura to name only very few ones.
One of the most significant innovations that Jews brought to the Ottoman Empire was the printing press.